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大麻合法化背后真正的原因 为什么你在为邪恶陪葬!?

2018-11-5 16:10|加拿大乐活网 Lahoo.ca |原作者: 风四海|来自: 加拿大乐活网

乐活按语:你不为正义站起来,就得为邪恶陪葬!
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加拿大乐活网专栏作者原创文章,未经允许请勿转载
文后附本文英文版翻译,仅供参考


大麻合法化后,不仅加拿大本国民众抗议声起,国际社会也给予否定和反对。中国、韩国、日本、美国等政府均已对各自公民发出警告,美国还增发了边境警告,联合国也对加拿大联邦政府提出批评。同时,加拿大国内每天都有相关的不尽如人意的事件发生,比如高速上麻驾飙车、某男青年吸食大麻产生幻觉后砸毁公寓门并袭击女住户、公园里开始弥漫出大麻气味,等等。

这种“内忧外患”的局面让人越来越惊心动魄,不少原本不关心大麻法令的人也不得不注意C-45。再细究法案内容,更令人惶恐。法案打着保护青少年的口号,却允许“12岁的孩子携带5克大麻”——5克大麻可以做15支大麻卷。

编者按:引自魁省国会议员Gérard Deltell于2017年11月9日C-45国会辩论。在C-45法案的8、9中,对young person拥有或运输5克以上的大麻制品有惩罚,则表明5克以下是许可。而法案对于“young person”的定义为:means (a) for the purposes of sections 8, 9 and 12, an individual who is 12 years of age or older but under 18 years of age; and (b) for the purposes of any other provision of this Act, an individual who is under 18 years of age. (jeune)

允许家庭种植4株大麻,而一般的未成年人都住在家里。

如果这不是赤裸裸的教唆和诱惑,这是什么?!

要知道,在合法化之前,各种原有的限制、规定,以及对大麻的打击本来已经较为有效地遏制了青少年使用大麻的趋势。

正如阿省议员Arnold Viersen在2017年11月9日的关于C-45提案的国会辩论上所指出的:

在过去的十年中,15岁到25岁的青少年的大麻使用率从34%下降到了24%。这说明现行的禁止青少年使用大麻的方法行之有效,我们完全可以继续推广并加强,为什么转而要让大麻合法化呢?一面告诉青少年吸食大麻合法,一面禁止他们使用,这样的效果会好吗?

如果还坚持认为C-45是为了青少年的健康成长提出的,那真是有些too young too simple。

大麻合法化号称的另一个“积极作用”——所谓的大麻的医用健康作用,则有空穴来风之嫌。由于大麻含有80多种化学成分,美国FDA明确表态,迄今为止,他们对大麻在医疗方面的安全性、有效性并未证实。科研仍在进行,但仅针对其中两三种成分,且距离临床运用还需更多推进。

至于政府一直宣称的,C-45实行后有利于打击黑市。这个倒是很有可能,因为都合法了嘛,就不存在“黑市”这种说法。合法化之前,对大麻黑市的打击,不是因为私下销售某商品,而是因为大麻是毒品。合法化后,某些大麻商贩可能没有或者也不愿意去申请合法的销售资格,但他们仍然可以私下交易。而这种交易的违法程度与过去将大麻列为毒品时是不可同日而语。

随着时间的推移,随着人们被逐渐洗脑后对大麻放松警惕,说不定有一天大麻可以作为home made的农产品在farmer market上销售呢。那时加拿大距离晚清也就不远了。

为什么自由党政府要一意孤行地让大麻合法化?

答案其实早已写明,各种数据一目了然——经济动因挂帅——在经济社会,这个原因似乎并不意外。

2017年11月9日的国会辩论中,Arnold Viersen一针见血地指出,“大麻合法化这个提案的唯一意义就是为了征收相关的税款”。不合法就必须打压,只有合法的产业才能征税。这个道理浅显易懂。

自由党政府上台时承诺2019—2020年度达到财政平衡,而10月19日公布的2017—2018年度的政府赤字为190亿加币。面临明年即将到来的大选,巨大的亏空如何解释?

更何况,如Viersen议员所举例,自由党政府在亚投行的投资(联邦政府公开承诺5年内投资为2.56亿加币,但暗箱操作后可能增至4.8亿加币)、为庞巴迪(总部位于魁省的空中飞行器制造公司)注资的窟窿要弥补,甚至连2017年年底在国会山前修建的滑冰场都急需货币支持(该冰场为加拿大150周年国庆修建,耗资560万加币,现已经拆除送给其他地区)。至于特鲁多政府其他的不当、豪华开销,时有新闻报道,在此不做赘述。

政府的资金来自于税收。绞尽脑汁提升了各种已知税负后,还需要找一个新的税收区域,最好还是一块未被切割过的“肥肉”。那么,大麻产业是否够资格做“肥肉”被切割呢?

根据加拿大国家统计局的统计调查来看,加拿大的大麻消费、产业链庞大,产值高。2018年1月25日的国家统计局报告显示:

2017年,490万15岁到64岁的大麻吸食者投资在大麻上的费用是57亿加币。90%的家庭大麻开支是非医药用途。而2016年,家庭酒类开支是223亿元加币,烟草开支是160亿加币。

加拿大的大麻消费中,54亿加币的大麻制品采购自本国,从国外走私购入的价值3亿加币,同时向国外走私出口的大麻制品为12亿加币。1960年代,大麻走私进口量占消费量的40%,2017年已经下降到8%。加拿大本土大麻制品中贩运到国外的比例已经从1961年的2%上升到2017年的20%。

2014年,加拿大大麻产业值(扣除成本以后)为34亿加币;2017年的产值为30亿加币,下降的主要原因是大麻的市场价的下跌。(大麻市场价格在1989年达到峰值,以后每年平均下降1.7%。)与之对比,2014年加拿大烟草厂产值是10亿加币,酿酒厂产值是29亿加币。不像大麻,加拿大本土的烟草和酒类生产远不能满足本国需求,严重依赖进口。

这些大麻产品中绝大多数是非医用的。2017年,在大麻非医用违法的情况下,大麻非医用的产值为46亿加币,仅有不到400万加币的大麻制品为医用生产。

如此庞大的、违法产值的背后,不可能没有推向合法的手。很可能还不止一只。

无论是政府还是个人,利益的追逐之外,选票是另一大诱惑。根据加拿大国家统计局2018年4月18日的统计报告:420万(总人口的14%)15岁以上的加拿大人承认吸食大麻,其中40%的吸食者是每天使用,17%是每周使用,14%是每个月使用。而2015年联邦大选时的投票总人数为1754万人。

这些令人惊诧的数据和事实并非新闻,更非秘闻,只是大众忙于自己的生活,鲜少关心“国家大事”,包括笔者在内。真的事到临头了,才发现情况危急。不过好在现在还不算晚。

如果再不关心,就该像前几天重庆的公共汽车惨案——一名乘客为了自己坐过了站而赖司机,对其谩骂、击打,其他乘客漠不关心,结果司机方向盘一偏,一车人都提前结束了人生之旅。沉默的大多数用沉默为自己掘了坟墓。

如今,大麻法案已经将加拿大带到了悬崖边上。如果“乘客们”再继续沉默、不站出来抢回“方向盘”,只能是后果自负。

借用石国鹏的话作为结尾,“你不为正义站起来,你就得为邪恶陪葬”!

因为,“人心在善恶中取舍,没有旁观者。如果某个矛盾冲突发生现场还有第三方的存在,那么这个第三方,已经不可能置身事外,他的态度,对事态的发展,起着至关重要的作用,甚至会决定自己和他人的未来。尤其大是大非、大善大恶面前,没有中立一说。”

References:

1.http://www.bcbay.com/news/2017/10/29/534022.html
2.https://bit.ly/2yVWYVI
3.https://bradtrost.ca/brad-speaking-on-marijuana/
4.https://bbc.in/2RySonl
5.https://bbc.in/2JEAZa1
6.https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/qGdOjTUjKuci5i7obEf0gQ
7.https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/_q-PPGt6eG07ouMhSrXiFg
8.https://bit.ly/2Mu84pF
9.https://bit.ly/2D5ByIU
10.https://bit.ly/2vYP64q
11.http://www.rcinet.ca/zh/2017/09/19/132274/
12.http://www.rcinet.ca/zh/2017/01/07/68208/
13.http://www.rcinet.ca/zh/2015/10/20/44069/
14.https://www.parl.ca/DocumentViewer/en/42-1/bill/C-45/royal-assent
15.https://www.fda.gov/newsevents/publichealthfocus/ucm421163.htm

英文版:

The Real Reason Behind the Legalization of Marijuana

风四海 Feng Sihai 

After the legalization of marijuana, not only the people of Canada were provoked, but also the international community gave some negative responses. Governments such as China, South Korea, Japan and the United States have issued warnings to their citizens, meanwhile, the United States has issued additional border warnings and the United Nations has criticized the Canadian federal government. At the same time, daily incidents occur throughout Canada, such as furious driving after smoking marijuana, smashing apartment doors and assaulting female residents after a young man was hallucinating, you can catch the smell of marijuana in parks and elsewhere.
This troublesome situation is getting worse, many people who did not care about the marijuana laws at first had to pay attention to c-45. A closer look at the bill makes it even more scary. The bill, under the slogan of protecting teenagers, allows "12-year-olds to carry five grams of marijuana", which can be used to make 15 marijuana rolls.
(Editor's note: taken from the debate in parliament on the c-45 bill by Quebec Congressman Gerard Deltell on November 9, 2017 and Harold Albrecht the next day. In act 8, 9 of c-45, there is a penalty for young person owning or transporting more than 5 grams of marijuana, indicating that less than 5 grams of marijuana is permitted. And the act defines "young person" as means(a) for the purposes of sections 8, 9 and 12, an individual who is 12 years of age or older but under 18 years of age; and (b) for the purposes of any other provision of this Act, an individual who is under 18 years of age. (jejune))
Families are allowed to grow 4 marijuana plants, while most of the teenagers are still living at home —— a one-meter-tall pot plant can produce 600 grams of marijuana. " The government has kept children from obtaining marijuana by planting it in their homes. Is that a joke? "(Editor's note: By Michael Cooper, member of parliament of Afghanistan, and Harold Albrecht, member of parliament of Ontario, on November 9, 2017.)
If it's not outright solicitation or seduction, then what is it?!
Before legalization, various restrictions, regulations and crackdowns on marijuana had effectively curbed the trend of marijuana addiction among teenagers. As provincial lawmaker Arnold Viersen noted during a congressional debate on the c-45 proposal on November 9, 2017: "marijuana use among 15 to 25-year-olds has declined from 34% to 24% over the past decade. This shows that the current method of prohibiting the use of marijuana by teenagers is effective, and we can continue to popularize and strengthen it. Why should we turn to legalizing marijuana? Would it be good to tell teens that marijuana use is legal and to ban it at the same time?
It would be naive to insist that c-45 is proposed for the healthy growth of teenagers.
Another "positive" effect of marijuana legalization -- the so-called “medical health effect of marijuana’ -- is a total myth. Since marijuana contains more than 80 chemical compounds, the FDA has made it clear that, so far, it has not confirmed its safety or efficacy in medical treatment. Research is ongoing, but only for two or three components, there is still a long way to go before clinical use can be achieved.
 

As far as the government has been concerned, the c-45 will help crack down the black market. Well, that's probably because it's all legal, so there's no “black market”. Before legalization, the crackdown on the black market for marijuana wasn't because of private sales, but because it was a drug. After legalization, some marijuana vendors may not have or would not be willing to apply for legal sales permits, but they can still trade privately. The nature of the trade is not the same as in the past when marijuana was defined as a drug. As time goes on, as people are gradually brainwashed and become completely off guard on marijuana, it might one day be sold in the farmer market as a home-made product. Thus, Canada would be walking down the same path with the late Qing dynasty.
Why should the Liberal Party go ahead and legalize marijuana despite of all doubts and criticizing voices?
The answer is already clear. In an economic society, this reason is rather expected.
Arnold Viersen went straight to the heart of the matter during a congressional debate on November 9, 2017, when he pointed out that "the only meaning of the marijuana legalization proposal is to collect the relevant taxes. "Illegality must be suppressed, and only legitimate industries can be taxed. This is not hard to understand.
The Liberal Party came to power promising fiscal balance in 2019-2020, compared with a government deficit of $19 billion in 2017-2018 announced on October 19. What explains the huge hole that lies ahead in next year's general election?
What's more, as senator Viersen said in an example, the investment the Liberal Party made in AIIB (public commitment at: the federal government investment in five years to 256 million, but after manipulation may be increased to 480 million), the support for Bombardier (air aircraft manufacturing company based in Quebec) left a hole to make up for, even in the end of 2017, the skating rink built in front of the Capitol Hill was in urgent need of money. (The ice rink, built for Canada's 150th anniversary National Day at a cost of $5.6 million, has been removed to other regions.) As for the Trudeau government's other misdeeds and extravagant spending, there is a lot of evidence in the former news reports. 
The government gets its money from taxes. After racking up all the known taxes, a new tax area is needed, preferably an uncut piece of "fat". However, is the marijuana industry qualified to be the “fatty meat”?
According to the statistics of Canada's National Bureau of Statistics, Canada's cannabis consumption industry chain is huge, and its output value is high. The National Bureau of Statistics’ report on January 25, 2018 shows:
“In 2017, 4.9 million marijuana users aged 15 to 64 invested in cannabis at a cost of $5.7 billion. 90% of household marijuana spending was for non-medical purposes. In 2016, the household alcohol expenditure was $22.3 billion, and the tobacco expenditure was $16 billion.”
"Of Canada's cannabis consumption, $5.4 billion of cannabis products are purchased from Canada, and a value of $300 million is smuggled from abroad, while the value of cannabis products exported abroad is $1.2 billion. Marijuana smuggling accounted for 40% of consumption in the 1960s and has fallen to 8% in 2017. The proportion of Canadian cannabis products trafficked abroad has risen from 2% in 1961 to 20% in 2017.”
"In 2014, the value of the Canadian cannabis industry (after deducting cost) was $3.4 billion; Output in 2017 was worth $3 billion, the main reason for the decline was the price drop of marijuana in the market (editor’s note: marijuana market prices peaked in 1989 and have fallen an average of 1.7% annually since.) By comparison, the value of Canadian tobacco plants in 2014 was $1 billion and the value of distilleries was $2.9 billion. Unlike cannabis, Canada's indigenous tobacco and alcohol production is far from meeting its needs and is heavily dependent on imports.”
"The majority of these cannabis products are non-medical. In 2017, marijuana non-medical production was valued at $4.6 billion, only less than $4 million worth of cannabis products were produced for medical use."
It is impossible that there is no political hand behind such a huge, illegal output, trying to prompt the Legalization of Marijuana. Probably even more than one.
In addition to the pursuit of profit, votes are another lure for both governments and individuals. According to the statistics of Canada's national bureau on April 18, 2018: 4.2 million Canadians (14% of the population) whose ages are over 15 years old admit to using marijuana, 40% of them use it daily, 17% use it weekly and 14% use it monthly. The total number of people who voted in the 2015 federal election was 17.54 million.
These astonishing statistics and facts are not fresh news, nor are they secrets. Yet people who are busy with their own lives care little about "significant national affairs", including the author himself. It was only when the matter is right in front of you that the situation become critical. fortunately, it's not too late.
If you still don't care, then it's like the bus disaster in Chongqing a few days ago, when a passenger abused and beat up the driver, other passengers were indifferent, as a result, the driver's steering wheel was turned off, and the bus ended its journey in the river. The silent majority dug their own graves with silence.
Right now, marijuana laws have brought Canada to the dangerous brink. If we, the passengers, remain silent and do nothing, we will shoulder the consequences.
To use Shi Guopeng's words as the ending for this article, you do not stand up for the good, then you must be buried with the evil!
For "the heart of man is torn between good and evil, and there is no spectator who can stand in between. If there is a third party in a conflict, it is impossible for that third party to stay out of it. His attitude plays a crucial role in the development of the situation, and even decides his future and the future of the others. There is no neutrality in the face of great good and great evil.”

Ref:
http://www.bcbay.com/news/2017/10/29/534022.html
http://www.ourcommons.ca/DocumentViewer/en/42-1/house/sitting-233/hansard
https://bradtrost.ca/brad-speaking-on-marijuana/
https://www.bbc.com/zhongwen/simp/world/2014/01/140101_colorado_marijuana
https://www.bbc.com/zhongwen/simp/mobile/world/2013/05/130511_us_marijuana_economic.shtml#sa-link_location=more-story-3&intlink_from_url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.bbc.com%2Fzhongwen%2Fsimp%2Fworld%2F2014%2F01%2F140101_colorado_marijuana&intlink_ts=1541297389216&story_slot=1-sa
https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/qGdOjTUjKuci5i7obEf0gQ
https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/_q-PPGt6eG07ouMhSrXiFg
https://www.environicsanalytics.com/en-ca/resources/news/2018/07/19/environics-analytics-releases-cannabisinsights
https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/180418/dq180418b-eng.htm
https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/180125/dq180125c-eng.htm
http://www.rcinet.ca/zh/2017/09/19/132274/
http://www.rcinet.ca/zh/2017/01/07/68208/
http://www.rcinet.ca/zh/2015/10/20/44069/
https://www.parl.ca/DocumentViewer/en/42-1/bill/C-45/royal-assent
https://www.fda.gov/newsevents/publichealthfocus/ucm421163.htm

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