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高贵林市长及议员候选人如何看待大麻问题

2018-10-10 11:43|加拿大乐活网 Lahoo.ca |原作者: 风四海

乐活按语:华社的建设,请从一张选票开始!
对于议员、市长选举,大家最关心的问题之一就是10月27日大麻合法化后,各城市政府对于本市的非医疗用大麻的管控。管控可以归纳为两点:销售和吸食——是否允许非医疗用大麻销售店开张,以及对大麻吸食场所的限制。

高贵林有3位市长候选人,19位市议员候选人。根据电邮发送显示,询问电邮发送到20个邮址。2018年9月30日在高贵林图书馆的候选人见面茶会上、10月2日Ever Green文化中心召开的候选人答辩会上,就大麻问题与部分候选人又做了当面的交流。现根据候选人的回复,整理出他们对于大麻问题的主张。为了避免翻译时的信息遗漏,附上候选人回复的电邮。

- 1 -三位市长候选人如是说

Richard Stewart是现任市长,他今年继续参选。他说,高贵林已经修订了法案,在大麻合法化后,高贵林市内也不可以销售大麻。他见到过因为早先吸食大麻而造成永久伤害而受苦的年轻人。他认识一个人由于吸食大麻而造成精神疾病,给他和家人带来痛苦,而患者还要继续忍受这种疾病。他深知如果要在高贵林抵制公开吸食大麻需要很多努力,但他愿意和大家一同为此奋斗,促使省政府、联邦政府对大麻合法化给予更好的解决方案。

Earlier this year, Council took the initiative to change our zoning regulations to prohibit the sale of cannabis in Coquitlam. We did this because of the impending legalization of cannabis by the federal government, and the complete lack of regulatory framework by both the federal and provincial governments.

So currently, marijuana will be becoming legal in Canada, but it will not be possible to sell it on medicinal marijuana in Coquitlam.

I share the concerns of many related to the unintended consequences of the legalization of cannabis. I know of young people who have suffered permanent damage from the early consumption of cannabis. I know of a young man who suffers from marijuana-induced psychosis, a horrible condition that has caused his family enormous pain and grief. He continues to suffer from mental illness.

To the extent we will be allowed to go under provincial regulations, I want us to prohibit the consumption of cannabis in public. We recognize, though, that there will be enormous challenges in trying to enforce this. The federal and provincial governments have essentially downloaded the difficult job of enforcement onto cities.

I share your concerns, and will continue to push the federal and provincial governments for solutions and for better tools to enforce this new regime of legalized cannabis.

Mark Mahovlich先生旗帜鲜明地反对非医用大麻的销售——也许是为了表示立场,他的回复全部大写,“THE ANSWER IS YES. I WOULD BAN RETAIL SALE OF NON MEDICAL WEED IN COQUITLAM BC. SMOKING IN PUBLIC IS A GREY AREA RIGHT NOW.”

Adel Gamar先生说,作为一个五个孩子的父亲,大麻问题对他而言非常重要。他最在意的是让未成年人远离大麻。法律对此也有规定,如向未成年人销售大麻最高会被处以14年监禁等。只有19岁以后才可以吸食大麻、进入大麻商店。当选市长后,他会让高贵林对大麻合法化的限制考虑得更全面,会充分征询居民和企业的意见。

As a father of young children, protecting children is very important to me. That is why keeping cannabis out of reach of children and youth is a top priority. “Bootlegging,” or selling cannabis to minors, will continue to be a criminal offence punishable by up to 14 years in jail. That’s in addition to provincial penalties of up to $50,000, jail time of up to six months or both.

The minimum age for possession is 19 years of age. Cannabis smoking and vaping in areas where children and youth commonly gather (like sports fields, skate parks, schools, provincial, regional and municipal parks and playgrounds) is prohibited. In addition, youth under 19 years of age are banned from entering cannabis stores, even with an adult.

As Mayor, I will work to ensure that the City of Coquitlam’s “Cannabis Legalization Framework” is created in a thoughtful manner and ensure that residents and businesses are consulted. I believe that community and stakeholder feedback is critical to the development of the Framework.

- 2 -19位议员候选人如是说

8位现任议员中,6位参加今年的选举。高贵林已经通过了法令,禁止本市开张大麻店。因此,在10月17日后,大麻店不会立即开张。

Brent Asmundson先生认为应该不要急于开始大麻销售,他在等待更多的关于联邦大麻合法的法令研究,应该在充分了解该法令、并在市民们做出表决之后,再采取进一步的行动。

I am waiting for staffs report on there analysis of the Federal and Provincial legislation as to  what are councils options , I am in no rush to approve retail outlets or anything else until we have a full understanding and then input from the residents of Coquitlam as to what they want the city to do.

Chris Wilson先生关于高贵林的大麻店的问题,要等待秋天时公众咨询。如果要开大麻店,高贵林的数量是两间,不能在学校和公园附近。他强调这只是他的个人意见,不代表市政府。

The City will be consulting with our residents this Fall to get their views on this subject.  Once that is done, we will take that information and use it in making our plan.  I really don’t know what our residents will say or do, but I will respect their views.

I personally think there is room for probably two retail outlets in our city.  These would have to be in the right kinds of locations to ensure they are not near schools, recreation centres, etc. This is my personal opinion and not that of the City at this point.

Dennis Marsden先生坚定地反对大麻合法化。他是现任议员,已经在之前的大麻店开设中投了反对票,还会继续反对开店。另外,他还澄清了一个重要的误会——去年,曾有新闻报道他参与了大麻公司的咨询,他说完全是子虚乌有。他是去开了会,但是当他发现了那个公司的意图后,他撤出了讨论。

I am currently a Councilor and I voted to not allow stores in Coquitlam due to the uncertainty of the legislation and impacts on the City.I have expressed very strong objections to the manner in which other cities have allowed the stores to open, at this point, I have seen nothing to change that stance.

Advertising discussed, the article that you referenced reflected a business that I was approached about assisting. The intent was to form an investment group to assist research and American companies. I attended a meeting however was never an owner or registered director. When I saw the direction that the company was to take, I removed myself from any involvement. I am not nor have I ever been an owner of a cannabis company.

I have expressed significant concerns with the manner in which cannabis is being legalized and will work to minimize the negative impacts on our City”

Teri Towner女士也是现任议员,她说,高贵林已经规定了只有医用大麻可以销售,禁止在公园等公共场所吸食大麻、香烟等。

Coquitlam has left its Bylaws the same so far - medicinal cannabis is permitted in specific zones and all other cannabis-related uses are prohibited. Following the finalization of the federal and provincial legislation and regulations, consultation with the public will take place and this feedback from the public will pave the way how non-medical cannabis is regulated in Coquitlam in the future .And Coquitlam has a Bylaw that doesn't allow smoking - of anything – in parks.

Craig Hodge先生也是现任议员,作为三个teenage儿子的父亲,他希望大麻合法化和大麻容易获得以后不要让更多青少年吸食大麻。市政府虽然可以从大麻销售中获利,但是要投入更多警察和交通管制的力量。他赞同在本市禁止大麻销售。如果将来市政府同意大麻销售,他也主张对大麻销售的限制应该比酒类更严格。只能在商业区,远离学校等青少年聚集场所。公园和公共场所禁止吸大麻。

The decision by the federal government to legalize cannabis is going to be a big change for our country and have a huge impact on our city.

As a parent of three teenage boys I hope the decriminalization of cannabis and easier access does not lead to an increase in use by our young people. It will also require more police officers and for more traffic enforcement something that I will support although I think the other levels of government that will profit from the sale of cannabis should contribute to these additional city costs.

I voted to amended our zoning bylaws to prohibit the sale of cannabis in our city.  If a future council decides to revisit this decision I will ensure cannabis sales are more restricted than our liquor regulations. (Sold only in commercial zones away from schools and places where young people gather.)

Smoking cannabis will not be allowed in city parks or city facilities.

没有收到Bonita Zarrillo女士的回复。

13位新参选的候选者中,电邮发送到了11人,9位给出了回复。

Ian Soutar先生主张应该由公众决定大麻店的命运。他不赞同禁止销售。他主张不让在农业用地上种大麻。正是大麻危害很清楚,所以才要有专卖店,否则让黑市钻了空子,反而容易让青少年获得大麻。就目前的情况看,青少年获得大麻比获得酒精容易。而他认为,对大麻的管控应该像对酒精一样。除非禁止吸烟,才赞同禁止吸大麻。

It is a major issue for the current season, and will be dealt with entirely by the newly elected council. For starters, I think this is an important to pose to the general public, as they are doing in Port Coquitlam. However, as legalization will come into effect days before our elections, it's important to have a clear stance on this.

While I am personally in favour of allowing a craft style market into the community, not unlike with the craft beer market, it comes with several caveats. Firstly, it should not be on agricultural land (though that is up to the Agricultural Land Commission to decide). Perhaps more importantly, I firmly believe we can convince potential businesses to display clear signage that explains the risks cannabis can pose to developing brains (folks under 25) and especially the risk to folks with predispositions to mental health conditions, whose symptoms would be exacerbated by its use.

I hold this opinion because I know full well that if it is banned from the city, the black market will continue to persist in Coquitlam, where it can be accessed easily by minors. It is widely believed to be far more difficult for minors to get alcohol than cannabis, and I think smoking should be as tightly guarded as we keep drinking.

As far as public spaces go, I would only be on board with banning its consumption if tobacco cigarettes were also banned.

Darryl Stickler先生认为允许大麻店存在有助于让吸食者远离黑市,黑市只对犯罪组织有好处。他认为对大麻店应该等同于对酒精的管理。大麻店不应该在学校、公园、宗教场所附近。

This is an important issue facing our community. By providing residents with accessible retail outlets for cannabis, it guides people away from the black market, which only benefited organized crime. Therefore, I think cannabis should be treated much like alcohol is today, as long as the retail locations are not situated nearby parks, schools, or places of worship.

Robert Mazzarolo先生认为禁止大麻店销售只能是助长黑市,而对于民众的安全没有任何好处。规范良好的大麻销售可以给我们城市带来税收,也利于吸食大麻的民众更安全。但是大麻店应该远离学校、公园、宗教场所等。

The cannabis issue is going to be a major issue for the new council.  The following is my stance on the topic. Not allowing it to be sold in our city will only push the sale of cannabis back underground to the black market.  This does nothing to help with the safety of our residents.  The well regulated sale of cannabis can be both beneficial to our city and more safe for our residents who choose to partake in its consumption.  However, stating as much, I believe the sale of cannabis should not be located near schools, near parks, and near places of worship.

Nicola Spurling先生认为禁止大麻店只能让吸食者去其他城市购买,不仅减少城市收入,也让市政府有潜在的法律危险。他认为控制大麻应该像控制酒精和香烟一样。公共场合吸食大麻已经被禁止,不会因为大麻合法化而发生改变。

I do not believe that the sale of cannabis should be banned in the city, in part because folks will travel to other cities, which will create congestion and reduce city revenue, but also because we would be opening ourselves up to potential lawsuits.  I do, however, believe that we need bylaws in place to ensure the safety of distribution, similar to how we control liquor and cigarettes.

Smoking in parks is already prohibited, so that won't change with legalization.”

Devan Robertson先生认为高贵林不应该禁止大麻店。对大麻店应该和酒类销售商店一样管理和课税。他目前拥有一些和大麻相关的生意,但是当选后会彻底脱离那些生意。

The issue of cannabis legalization has incited such passionate debate on both sides. With the date rapidly approaching where it will be legal to purchase and possess, we need to develop a structured system where the rights of all are considered. My position adheres very much to how alcohol is tax and governed. While many are upset that marijuana will be legal on October 17th, the reality of the situation is that it will be under the same regulatory framework as other legal substances. While I do not promote its use, adults who chose to responsibly indulge will be within their legal right to do so. Prohibiting its availability in Coquitlam will only steer people to neighboring jurisdictions. I believe we need to allow retail stores to exist here in Coquitlam, under the same framework and guidelines that Liquor stores work under. There is an opportunity for an economic benefit with this implementation. Revenue can be used to fund health and educational programs among others. In relation to public smoking of marijuana, any location that currently prohibits tobacco or e-cigarettes consumption will also prohibit marijuana use. There will also be a ban on consumption in places where children are known to gather such as playgrounds, sports fields etc. This directive from the provincial government will help mitigate its public consumption. In keeping with my theme of transparency, I must divulge that I am an investor in a few cannabis companies but in the event I am elected I would immediately divest myself from them as to not create a conflict of interest.

Steve Kim先生认为虽然大麻合法化来自联邦,无法阻挡,但是还应该慎重推行,应该多加强相关调查和教育。销售大麻可以给城市带来收入,可是对于健康和安全的危害也需要考虑。他仍在对大麻进行更多的调查和研究。

Please know that the with pending legalization of Cannabis, which was a federal decision, I’ve been thinking about it a local level. At this time, my concern is for a safe roll out, medicinal and non-medicinal, that makes sense for the community. This includes education for use and abuse in addition to benefits. The end of prohibition of any substance is rare and as such, I believe a prudent process is warranted.

From what I gather, various levels of government and organizations are working to get things going and/or are waiting to develop the best plan of action. I’ve engaged organizations like the National Institute of Cannabis Health Education for information. I’ve also looked at ICBC, WorksafeBC and others, like strata corporations, to learn even more. But I have more to do.

I do think the city’s bylaw to hold on retailers on October 17th was prudent. It made sense to hold on the ability for numerous stores to be opened suddenly and then be grandfathered in. Public health and safety concerns are needed to be addressed for such a managed roll out. So guidelines and/or policies on marketing, locations (specifically proximity to schools and community rec centers, etc) and enforcement are needed. Also, cannabis legalization should significantly reduce the black market, if not eliminate it in general. Again, I believe more needs to be done on education/awareness for substance abuse, usage and safety as well. Cannabis has a stigma attached it, so a fuller understanding of benefits is also needed.

As for the smoking of cannabis, smoking is smoking and in outdoor public spaces, I’m thinking we need to be aware that smoking can have adverse effects on some people. I will admit I need more information to fully understand where cannabis will fall (like tabacco, like alcohol, or a hybrid). Moving forward, additional review needs to be performed on edible products as well.

The potential for tax revenue is a good opportunity for all levels of government. But the issues for public health and safety and for consumption in general must also be part of the plan. But note that I’m continuing to learn and research more.

Rob Bottos先生对于联邦政府的大麻合法化表示遗憾。他给出了高贵林市政府目前关于大麻的决议链接。他认为,如果将来必须开设大麻商店,则应该按照对酒类的管理措施进行管理。如果他当选议员后,他将主张召开公众听证会,让公众来对大麻问题发表意见,新的市政府制定新的相关城市法规。他也会放弃他自己对于大麻的观点,而接纳所有提交的证据,无论是书面还是口头的,以便做出对社区最好的决议。

As you know, the Federal Government has passed legislation to legalize recreational cannabis in Canada. The Province of British Columbia has determined how cannabis will be distributed in British Columbia.

In my personal life I do not use cannabis, nor do I smoke cigarettes or vape. I would have preferred for cannabis not to be legalized, but evidence has shown that the war on drugs has not worked.

If cannabis is to be sold in our community, I want it to be controlled and regulated in the same way we control and regulate the sale of alcohol.I do not want to see new cannabis retail stores in our community. If cannabis is going to be sold, I personally feel it should be sold in our Liquor stores, both government and private. Cannabis is a controlled substance and needs to be kept out of the hands of children. Where the smoking of cigarettes in public is banned, the same should be applied to cannabis.

The City of Coquitlam adopted an interim cannabis policy, https://www.coquitlam.ca/city-hall/news-media/news-media/2018/04/10/coquitlam-to-implement-interim-measures-on-cannabis.

The new Council will be responsible for conducting a public consultation to determine how they wish to regulate cannabis in our community. If you or your neighbors have views, either pro or con in regards to cannabis, I would encourage you to participate in the public hearings. If I am successful in being elected, as a councilor I am committed to weighing all the evidence, and listening to the public before I make a decision. Regardless of my own personal views, I will have to make my decision based on what is best for the community.

Geoffrey Hunt先生反对大麻合法化,认为所谓的合法化容易让孩子们增加大麻的使用。但是,既然联邦政府通过了大麻合法化,只能逼迫市政府来决定怎么规范。他不赞同禁止大麻销售。他认为这样会增加黑市销售,还容易促动危险的化学毒品的销售,让毒贩牟利。他主张对待大麻像对待烟酒销售一样管理,并且不要靠近学校和娱乐场所。

I don’t agree with the legalization of cannabis in Canada as I believe the fact it is legalized will increase the usage in one impressionable group--Children. Unfortunately, the government has made it legal so we are forced to regulate it and secure a safe supply.,We need to counter the perception that legal means safe.

I don’t think banning retail sale in Coquitlam would be wise as it would fuel a local black market where dangerous chemicals could be added. Aka fentanyl. What does need to happen is that it needs to be well regulated so we don’t have dispensary sites near schools and recreation facilities. Coquitlam should treat it as they do alcohol and bars. The reason it is being legalized is to remove to black market. Coquitlam banning the sale would be doing the opposite and would be giving money to criminals who are much less discerning who they sell to.

Paul Lambert先生对于联邦政府通过大麻合法化法案很反对,因为他担心孩子们和年轻人会因为“合法”而吸食大麻。大麻对于青少年的大脑损毁严重。他主张高贵林不要开大麻店。

I strongly disagree with the Federal Government's decision to legalize Cannabis.  I think it is the wrong decision and I am very concerned that more children and young people are going to use Cannabis now that it is legal.  Further, I think it can really harm the brain development of children and young people which is very concerning.

Accordingly, I think we should ban non-medicinal cannabis retail in Coquitlam.  I do not want any stores selling recreational cannabis and marijuana products in Coquitlam.

Ben Craig先生的回复简单明了:是否应该在我们的城市禁止非医用大麻销售?是的,我们应该撤出。在我们城市的公共场所吸食大麻是允许还是不允许的?不允许。

Should the non-medical cannabis retail be banned in our cities? Yes.we should opt out.

Will smoking of cannabis in public area in our cities be or not be allowed? No.

电邮未联系到Sean Lee和Massimo Mandarino。

- 总结 -

联邦政府推行大麻合法化,将包袱甩给了各省;各省则将包袱甩给了各市。各市有权利按照法定流程,听取市民意见后,由市府表决设定本城市的对大麻销售的法令法规,并能促动省府对大麻问题形成省一级的立法。因此,每个城市的每位市长、每位议员、每位民众都对大麻合法后事态发展有一份决定的权利!

如果您关注大麻问题,切不可轻易放弃手中的选票!高贵林的投票率只有27%,任何一张选票都至关重要!

即使您不关心大麻,也请积极去投票——加入加拿大国籍,放弃了中国护照,回国要签证,入海关要排队,入境24小时要去派出所登记——为何还会不在意这些不便利换来的一点点权利?!

投票!投票!投票!重要的事情说三遍!让社会感受到华人的选票,让加拿大感受到华人参与的热情!华社的建设,请从一张选票开始!
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